The Best Chair For Typing? Why Your Seat Affects Your Speed

Two features to look for when choosing a chair for your computer workspace are a good design and adjustability. A well-designed chair will support several key areas including your elbows, legs, back, and buttocks. A padded seat and backrest covered in the right material will offer comfort. A five-footed base will improve stability and ease of movement. And an adjustable back rest that conforms to your spine’s natural curvature will provide better back support.

The seat area should be big enough to accommodate your buttocks and hips without confining them. If it’s too small, it’ll be uncomfortable and won’t provide adequate leg or back support. Lumbar and wedge-shaped cushions can be purchased separately if your chair does not provide adequate support. “Lumbar” refers to the lower part of your back where it curves in from your hips up to your ribs.

The seat of your chair should be adjustable so you can raise it higher or lower as necessary. Your chair is at the proper height when you can place both feet flat on the floor. If you can’t, consider getting a footrest for added support. In the ideal typing position, your knees are a bit higher than your hips. This position helps you avoid curving your lower back unnaturally.

An armrest, if your chair has one and if you choose to use one, should also be adjustable so it can provide adequate elbow support. An armrest also helps prevent awkward postures that can cause back pain. Remember, when seated, your shoulders should be relaxed and your elbows should be close to the body.

Note: If you experience musculoskeletal pain and discomfort now, or while completing the Typesy Course, you may need to seek professional help. Only someone with the proper training can accurately diagnosis the source of your pain or discomfort and recommend a treatment plan that may or may not include ergonomics.

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7 Tips for Increasing Speed and Reducing Stress

Just as important as the position of your fingers on a computer keyboard is the position of your body while typing. In other words, you will need to sit up straight if you’ve started to slouch. You’ll need to move your eyes away from your keys if you’ve been looking at them more than you should. Get into the habit of assuming the correct position throughout your touch typing sessions. Doing so will improve speed and accuracy, reduce the risk of musculoskeletal problems, and help you become a better touch typist.

Run over your mental position checklist at the beginning of a typing session, or any time you’re feeling physical stress. Make sure your head is erect, not tilted downward, upward, backward, or forward. Your shoulders should be relaxed, elbows close to the body, wrists flat, and fingers curved naturally. Your feet should be uncrossed and flat against the floor or foot rest. Your eyes must not be looking down at your keyboard.

Here are seven points to keep in mind while you’re practicing your typing lessons:

1. Strive to maintain proper posture while touch typing.

2. Touch typing is a skill that relies on memory recall. Saying the actual letter as you strike the key can strengthen the finger-key relationship and make it easier to recall from memory.

3. Keep your eyes on the screen in front of you. If you look at your fingers and the keyboard, you’ll get a sore neck and develop a bad habit.

4. Take frequent brief breaks. Get up and walk around. Or stretch your arms, legs, wrists, and fingers while at your desk. Also remember once an hour to refocus your eyes onto an object fifteen to twenty feet in the distance to give your eyes a break from the monitor.

5. Check that ambient lighting is not too bright or too dark. It should be just right. Make sure that there is no glare on your screen, and that it’s easy to see.

6. Always keep your hands in position on the keyboard as much as possible so that you gain the physical memory of how the keyboard letters feel under your fingers.

7. Don’t rush! Learning to touch type takes time, so slow down. It takes effort, too, so set aside ample time to practice your lessons. But don’t overdo it. If you tire or feel pain in your eyes, back, or other body part, you’ll just make mistakes and get frustrated. That’s when it’s better to stop until you’re rested and feeling better. You’ll be glad you did!

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Proper Grammar Makes Perfect Typists

If you’ve gotten into the habit of typing all lower case or worse, all upper case, you really should break this habit. Using mixed case when touch typing is grammatically correct, and gives your typed material a more polished and professional look. Even casual typists should do this. Capital letters should always be used at the beginning of each new sentence or question. Capital letters should also be used with abbreviations and acronyms, proper names and titles, the days of the week and months, cities and countries, movie, poem, song and book titles, and some brand names. There are other examples of capitalization usage, but these are the most common.

When typing, letters appear in lower case by default. If there is a situation where you need to type a series of upper case letters, you simply toggle the [Caps Lock] key on and off as needed. On a QWERTY keyboard, the [Caps Lock] key is located to the left of the letter A. Press once to turn [Caps Lock] on and all of the letters you type will be capitalized. Press the [Caps Lock] key again to turn this feature off.

However, when you only want to capitalize a single letter, or the first letter of a word, the [Shift] key is more appropriate. The [Shift] key also serves another purpose. Looking at the keyboard, you’ll see that most non-letter keys have dual purposes. For example, above the number 1 is an exclamation point, and a colon is above the semicolon. When you need to type an exclamation point, colon, or any of the other symbols or punctuation marks on the top of these dual purpose keys, you must also press the [Shift] key.

You’ll notice there are two [Shift] keys on the Bottom Row of the keyboard. One is to the left of the Z key and the other is to the right of the slash/question mark key. When touch typing, you press the [Shift] key with the little finger of the hand that is on the opposite side of the keyboard from the key you need.

In other words, to type an exclamation point, you will press and hold down the [Shift] key with your right-hand little finger while you press the exclamation point with your left-hand little finger. While this happens, your other fingers should remain on the appropriate home row keys.

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Take A Number: How to Type Numbers and Symbols

Letters and punctuation make up the bulk of keys used by most touch typists. However, there will be times when you’ll need to type numbers. When you do, you have two choices. You can use the row of numbers located above the Top Row of letters, or you can use the numeric keypad, located on the right side of the keyboard. Feel free to choose whichever is faster and easier to use.

As always, you will start with your fingers in the appropriate positions on the Home Row. Then, when you want to type a number, you’ll stretch the appropriate finger up to the number and press. You’ll do this while leaving as many of your other fingers on the Home Row keys as possible. Sound difficult? It won’t be once you get used to these exaggerated finger movements. Like the Top Row and Bottom Row keys, proper touch typing requires that each number be pressed by a specific finger. The exercises and accompanying videos that cover this topic in the Typesy software system will help you remember these important finger-number-key relationships.

Many symbols are also found on the top row of the keyboard, the ones that share keys with numbers. Now, what’s interesting about these symbols is that they are used only occasionally. In fact, these symbols take up less than 1% of most text. Because of their infrequency of use, most touch typists do not actually touch type these symbols. Some do what you’ve been told you should never do: they look at the keyboard.

Not touch typing these symbols is okay because doing so will only have a negligible impact on your typing speed. When you continually look at the keyboard when typing letters, the time loss is significantly greater. If you want to become a proficient touch typist, you do need to know where these symbols are located on the keyboard. As you touch type symbols, it’s important to use the same finger as you do when typing the respective numbers. When typing a symbol, remember that you have to press and hold down the appropriate [Shift] key with the other hand before pressing the symbol key.

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Keeping Your Life In Balance: A Typing Tip

Studies – as well as personal experience – constantly confirm that if your life is in balance, you tend to be healthier, both physically and mentally. One of the ways to keep yourself balanced is to literally balance your brain, and get the left side and the right side communicating. This helps you be more energetic, more mentally alert, and even calmer, especially if you use a physical exercise to do the balancing. For example, when you’re walking and swinging your arms at the same tempo, you’re alternating the signals sent from your brain to your muscles from left to right in a rhythmic fashion. This rhythm, and the left-right movement, helps keep neural communication flowing steadily.

You can do the same mental balancing act by controlling the muscles of your hands and fingers when you type words that use letters that alternate between the left and right hand. To try this technique, type out the words on the following list:


It probably didn’t take you too long to type that list, so you might not notice an immediate effect. Let’s move briefly towards another aspect of balance, which is making sure that you have a good amount of physical movement to offset the time you spend at the computer. Take five minutes to get up, stretch your arms up high, and rotate your head slowly back and forth to stretch your neck muscles. If you’ve got time and space, try some of the rhythmic walking we talked about above.

Now that you’ve got your body feeling more balanced and relaxed, go back to the typing exercise with this column of alternating-letter words:


Keep practicing with words like this, and make sure you keep a balance in your life between work and relaxation, so that your body and your mind remain sharp and you’re able to fully utilize all of the touch typing techniques you’re learning.

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1 + 1 = 2 Good Reasons to Learn the Numeric Keypad

On keyboards that include one, the numeric keypad is located on the far right side. Most laptop keyboards do not have this feature built in, but you can purchase an external numeric keypad if you need one. If you’re asking yourself why in the world you’d ever need a numeric keypad, here are two good reasons:

You increase speed by decreasing fatigue. Although the numbers and mathematical symbols do all appear on the standard keyboard keys, because they’re not often used in normal document typing, many typists – even the experts – aren’t as familiar with their placement. Not only that, it takes all eight fingers to type the full range of numbers and symbols. It’s easier to get fatigued, both physically and mentally, if you’re trying to use the standard keyboard for numeric data entry. Numeric keypads are favored over using the numbers on the Top Row by people who work with a lot of numbers. This could include accountants, sales or administrative personnel, or anyone else who regularly works with large batches of digits, for example when doing data entry on spreadsheets.

You increase speed by taking advantage of the keypad layout. Because you don’t have to move your fingers as far to reach all of the numbers when you’re using a keypad, you will be more effective in increasing numeral input speed. In fact, the industry standard for numeric input speed is 250 dpm, or digits per minute – more than twice the normal typing speed that most of us would even think to aim for! Such a high speed might sound impossible to achieve, but it isn’t. As is the case with the other keyboard keys, practice allows you to continually improve your numeric input speed.

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How to Get an Extra 10 Minutes Out of Every Work Day

Being able to type will help you get a job, but once you have that job you need to keep it and, if possible, advance in your field and career. One of the best ways of ensuring that you’re always in mind for promotion is to be extremely efficient. If you’ve ever stayed late at work to finish up a task, you know how valuable extra time is. Well, if you’re an excellent typist, the time you save with that skill can give you 10 “extra” minutes – at a minimum – to devote to other things. In fact, some estimates put the time saved by expert typing skills at over two hours every day! Just think of what you could do with two full hours of additional productivity.

To get those expert skills once you’re familiar with keyboard basics, you can concentrate on building your touch typing speed and accuracy. Typesy’s Speed Building Course and Accuracy Building Course don’t take long to complete, and they are an excellent way to quickly improve speed and accuracy. The courses are made up of several computer generated activities accompanied by instructions that guide you through the steps. All you have to do is follow along. You can repeat the courses as many times as you like; each time you complete them your speed and accuracy will improve.

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Expert Typing Tips From Professional Typists

If you’re already a practiced touch typist, and want to focus on speed and/or accuracy, Typesy accommodates your learning needs as well. Its Advanced Typing Course is actually a collection of six mini-courses that focus on developing specific touch typing skills. These mini courses use more difficult words and focus on developing automatic proficiency when typing vowels combinations and diphthongs, uncommon consonants, short but difficult words, words with doubled letters, common phrases, and practice with prefixes and suffixes.

In each of these mini-courses, you’ll learn and practice many of the key combinations you’ll likely encounter while touch typing. For example, the exercises in the “vowels” course cover the vowel combinations A-I and O-U, plus several other common combinations. In the advanced typing course on consonants, you’ll practice typing words that begin with or include frequently-occurring consonant blends such as C-H, N-T, and others.

Believe it or not, although there are over 60 keys on the typical QWERTY keyboard, you’ll find you frequently use just a fraction of them when you type. Think about it. Very few words begin with or include the letters Z, Q, X or V. But there are lots of words that include the G-H-T consonant blend, like “night.” Plus, nearly every word you type will include at least one vowel.

Because you’ll touch type certain letter combinations more than others, it makes sense to get more practice typing words that include the more frequently used letter combinations. And that is exactly what the six Advanced Typing mini-courses are designed to help you do.

When you allocate sufficient time to practice the exercises included in these Advanced Typing Courses, both your touch typing speed and accuracy should increase quickly.

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The World’s Fastest Typist – Could It Be You?

Typing 45 to 50 words per minute (wpm) might help you meet the minimum requirements for an office job, but it won’t help you set any world records for typing speed. People have probably been competing for the title of “world’s fastest typist” ever since the typewriter was invented, but until the machinery of the typewriter was improved to eliminate most of the moving parts, real speed wasn’t possible. The first official speed records were set in the 1940s by Stella Pajunas, who traveled the world showing people how the electric typewriter could help them achieve speed and efficiency. According to the September 16, 1947 issue of The Montreal Gazette, Pajunas showed off her speed by demonstrating the ability to type 163 words in one minute, and then told the audience that “rhythm, posture and touch are the secret of speed and accuracy in typewriting.”

As cited in the Guinness Book of World Records, Pajunas was clocked at 216wpm in 1946 in one of these short sessions, but the current official typing speed record is held by Barbara Blackburn, who was able to type steadily at a rate of 150-160wpm with a top speed over over 200wpm. Blackburn used a Dvorak keyboard, rather than a standard QWERTY keyboard, but although there are strong supporters of the Dvorak layout, it’s never really caught on. That means if you’re looking strictly at making a living by winning speed awards (and there aren’t many, nor do they pay well) you might go for the Dvorak keyboard, but if you need to bring in a paycheck at any other job, you’d better stick with the standard QWERTY when you learn to touch type.

Back in 2010 the “Typesy Championship” was held both online and at the SXSW (South By Southwest) festival in Austin, Texas. The winner was Sean Wrona, who managed to type 256 words per minute on another online site, but at the festival averaged 163wpm. Obviously 163wpm is an achievable goal! If you’re using the Typesy software system, you can program your goal in and let the software help you track your progress towards that number. If you’re really aiming high, put 165wpm as your target goal – but only if you’re already a good typist with a speed of no less than 50wpm. If you’re just starting, it will take time for you to build your skill and accuracy, so set a lower goal and then keep raising it as you improve. But no matter where you’re starting, practice and the application of good typing techniques will get you the typing speed you need.

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Home Alone: Why Hand Position Matters

When you’re touch typing, the Home Row is where the four fingers of your left hand and the four fingers of your right hand will remain whenever they are not in use. Positioning your fingers on the Home Row is always the starting position whenever you begin a touch typing session. So get into the habit of placing these eight fingers on the eight corresponding keys on the Home Row. Here’s where your fingers should be when they’re properly positioned in “rest” mode:

The little finger on your left hand is on the letter A.
The left-hand ring finger is on the letter S.
The left-hand second finger is on the letter D.
The left-hand index finger is on the letter F.
The little finger on your right hand is on the semicolon.
The right-hand ring finger is on the letter L.
The right-hand second finger is on the letter K.
The right-hand index finger is on the letter J.

Rest both of your thumbs on the space bar. You can use either thumb to press the space bar. Some people use only one thumb (for example their left), while others use a combination. This is really a matter of personal preference.

If you’re new to typing, take some time to get comfortable with the location of the Home Row keys and proper Home Row finger placement. When your hands learn to automatically return to this position, you’ll be able to accurately position your fingers to hit the correct keys when typing. If your hands are off to one side, you might think you’re reaching for the right key, but you’ll be missing it and will type the letter or number to its left or right instead. Some QWERTY keyboards have a little raised bump on the “F” and “J” keys. The bumps make it easier to feel your way onto the correct index finger home keys. Once your index fingers learn the location of the correct Home Keys, placing your remaining fingers on their proper keys is simple.

Note: If you feel cramped in the home row position, try spreading your fingers a little. Space can be a problem with a smaller netbook or laptop keyboard.

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